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Framework laptop review: Take it apart and repair it

Framework desires you to take its laptop computer aside and restore it. Seriously. While most laptops are tough to unimaginable to restore or improve, this debut product from Framework not solely will be dismantled and upgraded, however the firm truly encourages you to do it.

We took an early-production Framework laptop computer for a whirl. While we’ve got some points with sure design decisions, we’ve got to say it’s refreshing to see a laptop computer made for upgrading and serviceability.

For instance, most laptop computer bezels and our bodies are held along with plastic latches that snap the keyboard deck onto the underside. While you may often snap the 2 collectively after opening it to, say, swap out the SSD, do it sufficient instances and the plastic latches will finally break. Framework addresses this by utilizing magnets to carry the bezel and physique collectively. Once you’ve eliminated the 5 T5 screws on the underside, you rigorously pry the 2 items aside.

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Rather than utilizing breakable plastic latches to carry the shell collectively, Framework makes use of sturdy magnets.

Framework’s screws use a T5 Torx head as a substitute of the much more widespread Phillips head, which some will take as an anti-repair characteristic as a result of few have Torx drivers. To its credit score, Framework features a T5 Torx software with a plastic “spudger” on one finish.

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No T5 Torx? No drawback: Framework consists of one within the field.

Go forward, take it aside

With most laptop computer opinions, you begin by testing it, and will gingerly open it up later to look inside. With the Framework, we did the reverse: We took the laptop computer aside earlier than testing it.

And we don’t imply simply opening it up. We truly determined to take away the laptop computer’s motherboard to see how simple it was. Hint: It’s simple. Really simple. That’s helped by the clear instructions Framework presents.

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The Framework laptop computer is an “inverted” design, which suggests the RAM and single M.2 bay are underneath the keyboard.

Inverted design

Interestingly, the design of the Framework laptop computer places the pair of DDR4 SO-DIMMs and PCIe Gen 4 M.2 underneath the keyboard. This is often essentially the most unfriendly place to place the most typical parts individuals change on a laptop computer, as a result of eradicating the keyboard and trackpad dangers tearing delicate ribbon cables.

With the Framework laptop computer, although, it’s not an issue. As we mentioned, loosen the 5 T5 screws on the underside—however don’t take away them. That’s as a result of they’re captive screws, held in place when loosened. This is a very uncommon element amongst laptops, however Framework is aware of you’ll be opening up its merchandise, so it’s pondering of your wants.

Once you’ve loosened the screws, you utilize the plastic spudger to pry up the keyboard, then take away a single ribbon cable that carries the connections from the keyboard and trackpad. In many laptops, the trackpad and keyboard are linked by their very own cables, usually so brief that there’s barely sufficient clearance to take away them. Framework’s keyboard/trackpad cable is deliberately longer to help and abet its user-tinkerer viewers.

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The DDR4 RAM slots are clearly marked for people who want some steering.

While Apple and a few PC makers have moved to soldered down Wi-Fi, RAM, and even SSDs, the Framework is all modular. There are just a few drawbacks, although. The Framework makes use of normal DDR4 SO-DIMMs, the sort you often discover in lower-cost laptops and bigger gaming laptops. The LPDDR4 RAM that you just usually discover in ultra-portable laptops presents larger reminiscence bandwidth and makes use of far much less energy when the laptop computer is in standby mode vs. DDR4. However, LPDDR4 is required to be soldered down, so it clearly doesn’t match into the Framework strategy. 

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Most extremely skinny laptops have moved to soldered down Wi-Fi modules to avoid wasting house however Framework’s alternative enables you to swap modules to improve your Wi-Fi.

Upgrade your motherboard?

Once you’ve eliminated the Wi-Fi module, show connector, audio connectors, and battery connector, 5 extra T5 screws maintain the motherboard in place. Removing a motherboard on a laptop computer is feasible (properly, except it’s glued down), but it surely’s simply by no means been fairly this simple on an ultra-thin laptop computer. 

Of course, you’re in all probability questioning, why even hassle to take away the motherboard? For most laptops you’d do this provided that a element on the motherboard died. With Framework, the pitch is you’d purchase it along with your Eleventh-gen Core i7 CPU after which improve it to the 14th-gen Core i7 down the street. While there’s no AMD Ryzen possibility obtainable, there’s nothing to stop it from being obtainable down the street. Framework has mentioned it’s open to it.

That’s one other radical departure for any laptop computer maker. The enterprise is basically constructed in your having to purchase an entire new laptop computer when yours will get too previous or breaks.

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Modern laptop computer CPUs are soldered to the motherboard. Down the street, Framework hopes to promote you a brand new motherboard with a more moderen CPU in it as an improve.

Upgradable ports

One characteristic left us much less impressed: The upgradable ports. The firm provides you 4 modular bays and allows you to choose from an assortment of choices, similar to DisplayPort, HDMI, microSD, USB-A, and USB-C. You can put the ports wherever you need. The modules lock into place with small, safe retention latch. (Oddly, whereas Framework calls the USB-C ports “USB-C,” they’re truly Thunderbolt 4, utilizing the controller inside the CPU).

On paper, this all seems like a nifty thought. In follow we’ve got some considerations. We’d reasonably simply see USB-C on both sides, plus one USB-A, as a result of nobody ever mentioned they wished fewer USB ports. Rather than making all 4 ports modular, we’d say let individuals swap out the microSD or HDMI or DisplayPort. Also, though the modular ports are flush, the seen seam irked us.  

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You can choose the ports you need on the Framework, however these seams across the modules are off-putting.

Too generic?

One space the place Framework in all probability gained’t win any prizes is in model. Other than the cog-shaped emblem on the lid and a small hinge, there’s not a lot pizzazz. No one will ever, ever confuse this with a Dell XPS, HP Spectre, Lenovo ThinkPad or different laptops you may pick from 50 ft away. While individuals could deny it to your face, trend and magnificence drive a lot of the acquisition choice of a laptop computer nowadays.

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Is the Framework too generic for a lot of? Probably.

With the lid swung open, the Framework seems to be about as generic as these faux laptops they’ve in furnishings shops to point out off the brand new Ikea Blurg standing desk. But hey, if Crocs and Birkenstocks are widespread, why not generic-looking laptops? Don’t be a trend sufferer. 

Instead, have a look at the show. The Framework presents a 13.5-inch shiny panel with a decision of 2256×1504, and a dreamy facet ratio of three:2. That’s a taller facet ratio than the everyday 16:9 that mimics televisions. We’re an enormous fan of taller facet ratios for doing precise work, reasonably than bingeing Netflix. Another beauty of the Framework’s panel is its pretty excessive pixel density of three.4 million, versus a typical 2 million pixels on a 1920×1080 show. As a end result, you may match extra home windows into the display screen aspect by aspect and be extra productive. The panel is rated to hit 400 nits, so it’s pretty vivid as properly. It’s made by BOE and seems to be an IPS-style panel, providing wonderful off-axis viewing and crisp element.

And sure, due to the magnetic bezel, changing the panel, must you break it, needs to be a breeze.

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The pretty 3:2 facet ratio panel presents 70 % extra pixel density and wonderful off-axis viewing.

Privacy, too

There’s additionally a fairly nifty characteristic for the laptop computer’s digicam and microphone. First, the webcam is 1080p, which is higher-resolution than most laptops’ 720p fashions. What we actually admire are the built-in lower off switches for each. We see loads of privateness shutters on laptops immediately, and a few even have devoted mute buttons, but it surely seems to be just like the Framework’s microphone will be fully lower off from the system. It doesn’t take away it from Windows Device Manager, however we consider it’s electrically useless when you throw the change.

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The switches are a bit fiddly however we love which you could lower off each the 1080p webcam and the microphone for elevated safety from snoopers.


We’re nonetheless working efficiency checks on the laptop computer and a run-down of its decently-sized 55-watt-hour battery, so we’ll replace our story as soon as we’ve got a full set of figures. We can already let you know the Core i7-1185G7 performs in keeping with competing laptops we’ve seen with the identical CPU.

It doesn’t seem like it will get the identical inner polish you may get from an OEM, although. Many laptops immediately permit you to choose completely different fan profiles and efficiency profiles primarily based on tuning by the OEM. With the Framework, the OS and look of optimizations look, properly, as generic as its shell.

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If half the consumers of laptops care largely for trend, the opposite half care about worth. We can let you know that should you assume not having an enormous title on the laptop computer means far decrease costs, properly, that’s not essentially true. 

For instance, The Framework laptop computer we examined has a Core i7-1185G7 with Xe graphics, 32GB of DDR4, 1TB WD PCIe Gen 4 SSD, and Windows 10 Pro, and it’ll set you again $1,999. A Dell XPS 13 with the identical CPU, 32GB of LPDDR4, 1TB SSD,  and 3456×2160 OLED contact panel has a listing worth of $1,749.

So sure, the privilege of getting a laptop computer you may improve and restore to your coronary heart’s content material will price you extra. You may argue that it’s cheaper in the long term as a result of you may improve the motherboard and CPU, however you’re nonetheless paying extra up-front for the potential.

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We want extra firms would undertake a number of the design cues from the Framework.


We have by no means began a evaluate by taking a laptop computer aside, ripping its motherboard out, after which placing it again collectively and testing it. That’s as a result of we’d by no means count on a product to endure that with out malfunctioning. That’s simply not how laptops are made immediately.

With the Framework, the longer term is about doing your personal repairs and upgrading what you have to, reasonably than throwing your entire laptop computer overboard. That makes the Framework a very particular laptop computer that we hope—we actually hope—begins a brand new development within the disposable laptop computer world.

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